Fluoride is the most effective agent available to help prevent tooth decay. It is a
mineral that is naturally present in varying amounts in almost all foods and water supplies. The benefits of
fluoride have been well known for over 50 years and are supported by many health and professional
Fluoride works in two ways:
Topical fluoride strengthens the teeth once they have erupted by
seeping into the outer surface of the tooth enamel, making the teeth more resistant to decay. We gain topical
fluoride by using fluoride containing dental products such as toothpaste, mouth rinses, and gels. Dentists and
dental hygienists generally recommend that children have a professional application of fluoride twice a
year during dental check-ups.
Systemic fluoride strengthens the teeth that have erupted as well
as those that are developing under the gums. We gain systemic fluoride from most foods and our community
water supplies. It is also available as a supplement in drop or gel form and can be prescribed by your dentist
or physician. Generally, fluoride drops are recommended for infants, and tablets are best suited for children
up through the teen years. It is very important to monitor the amounts of fluoride a child ingests. If
too much fluoride is consumed while the teeth are developing, a condition called fluorosis (white spots on the
teeth) may result.
Although most people receive fluoride from food and water, sometimes it is not enough to help
prevent decay. Your dentist or dental hygienist may recommend the use of home and/or professional fluoride
treatments for the following reasons:
Deep pits and fissures on the chewing surfaces of teeth.
Exposed and sensitive root surfaces.
Fair to poor oral hygiene habits.
Frequent sugar and carbohydrate intake.
Inadequate exposure to fluorides.
Inadequate saliva flow due to medical conditions, medical treatments or
Recent history of dental decay.
Remember, fluoride alone will not prevent tooth decay!
It is important to brush at least twice a day, floss regularly, eat balanced meals, reduce sugary
snacks, and visit your dentist on a regular basis.